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ANDREA CESALPINO ( 1519 –1603)

Doctor and Botanist, Andrea Cesalpino was very famous as a scientist at home and abroad and was known among his contemporaries as the ‘Pope of philosophers’. He was Professor of Medicine at Pisa and in 1555 he became Director of the Botanical gardens. In 1592 Pope Clement VIII called him to Rome where he taught Medicine at the University of Sapienza. He was famous because he discovered how blood circulated in the body, having described with perfect precision blood circulation in the lungs. He was the author of a mighty work in 16 volumes, the “ De Plantis”, in which he was the first person to scientifically classify plants and so he was a precursor of Botanical systematics


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