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GUITTONE D’AREZZO (about 1230 - 1294)

He is the poet who best represents the transition between Sicilian poetry of Provençal influence and Stilnovo, which was initiated by Guido Guinizelli. Leader of the literary movement belonging to the generation that preceded Dante Alighieri, he was one of the first Italian writers to use vernacular in literary exprimentation and poetic research. In the ‘Lettere’, which was his most exacting composition, his strong sense of moral and civil duty stands out. Guittone was born in S. Firmina near Arezzo and, son of Viva di Michele, he belonged to the military and religious order of the ‘Cavalieri di Santa Maria’ (known as ‘Gaudenti monks’), founded in Langdoc in Southern France in 1208.


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